Periodontal Therapy

Expert Dental Treatment in Monroe Township, NJ

Periodontal Disease.At the office of Dr. Richard E. Goldberg, DMD, our mission is to help each of our patients achieve a beautiful, healthy smile they can genuinely feel proud of. We work carefully with our patients to design comprehensive, personalized treatment plans that fit into our patients' lifestyles – and often, that involves more than just cleaning teeth. Especially for adults, one of the most important parts of maintaining a great smile is preserving the health of the gums.

Why Do Healthy Gums Matter?

Everyone knows to keep their teeth healthy – but what few people realize is that healthy gums are just as important as healthy teeth. Often, the dental problems adults face have more to do with periodontal (gum) disease than cavities. Keeping the gums healthy is one of the most important aspects of maintaining a healthy smile throughout adulthood.

What Is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal, or gum disease, refers to a bacterial infection in the gums. If bacteria and plaque are left to grow on the teeth without treatment, they can eventually grow on the tooth root below the gumline and penetrate into the gums. This bacterial infection causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily – these are the first signs of periodontal disease.

Periodontal disease is a progressive condition beginning with mild symptoms, but without treatment, it can advance to the point of threatening teeth and bone. Periodontal disease has three stages, each one growing in severity:

  • Gingivitis: Red, swollen, inflamed gums mark the first stage of gum disease. You may notice some bleeding when you floss or some bad breath. With treatment and regimented oral hygiene, gingivitis is easily reversible.
  • Periodontitis: If left untreated, gingivitis becomes periodontitis. This more advanced condition causes the gums to recede and pull away from the tooth roots, forming periodontal pockets.
  • Chronic Periodontitis: In the most advanced stages of the conditions, gum recession can become dramatic, exposing large areas of a tooth root. Bone loss may also occur, and eventually, the teeth may fall out.

Treating Periodontal Disease with Periodontal Therapy

Thankfully, periodontal disease is reversible – especially in its earliest stages. Even for more advanced cases of the condition, we offer a variety of periodontal therapies that offer an effective treatment for gum disease. The most common periodontal therapies include:

  • Scaling & Root Planing: This procedure involves deep cleaning the teeth, including cleaning bacteria off of the tooth roots. Using specialized instruments, your Monroe Township dentist will remove bacteria and plaque from the tooth roots, then smooth and polish the surface of the tooth roots to make it harder for bacteria to grow there.
  • Gum Grafting: In some cases of gum disease, we'll need to rebuild the gums and replace lost tissue. We do this by taking lab-processed donor tissue or healthy gum tissue from another part of the mouth, then grafting it onto the damaged area. Once healed, the gums will return to a regular length.
  • Periodontal Plastic Surgery: We can also use surgical procedures to reshape the gums and create a more pleasing appearance, improving the smile after gum disease.
  • Periodontal Laser Treatment: We can also remove diseased or dead gum tissue using high-tech medical lasers. This provides a much cleaner, less-invasive option than surgery, making it easier to treat periodontal disease.
  • Crown Lengthening Surgery: If you're frustrated by a gummy smile, we can perform crown lengthening surgery to lower the gumline and expose more tooth surface. This may be a cosmetic procedure or help us with placing a new crown.
  • Dental Implants: If teeth need to be replaced after periodontal disease, dental implants are one of the most effective, long-lasting options on the market. Implants last a lifetime, look like natural teeth, and protect the jaws from bone loss.

How to Keep Your Gums Healthy

Besides treatment, at-home oral hygiene is the most important part of maintaining healthy gums – and that's especially true for flossing. Daily brushing cleans bacteria from the teeth, and flossing stimulates blood flow to the gums to keep them healthy, preventing recession. Furthermore, maintaining a healthy, nutritious diet that's low in sugar and acidic foods can promote the health of your teeth and gums.

In addition to at-home care, it's vital to maintain regular checkup and cleaning appointments with your Monroe Township dentist. During these appointments, we'll perform a thorough deep clean of your mouth to remove bacteria from places you can't reach with a toothbrush or floss. It also allows us to monitor you for signs of dental decay or gum disease, letting us spot problems before they grow severe.

Contact Your Monroe Township, NJ Periodontist

Healthy gums are a vital part of a healthy smile – and if you have more questions about gum healthy, we're happy to help. Contact us today to learn more about caring for your gums and how we can help you fight periodontal disease. We can't wait to hear from you, and we look forward to helping you achieve a beautiful smile!

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